Overview

JBS has put in place policies to guide the publication process. Below are the standards and requirements that JBS seeks to adhere to: 

Authorship

An author is an individual who has significantly contributed to the development of a manuscript. Research Excellence Institute suggest that authorship is based on some of the following principles:

Extensive involvements to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work; Conceptualisation the work or revising it critically for important scholarly content; Considerable contribution towards the completion of the final manuscript to be published 

Changes in authorship

JBS will accept a change of authorship only before the manuscript is published online. However, such a request for a change of authorship can be done through the corresponding author. Furthermore, any request of change of authorship should be directed in write to the Chief Editor and a Change in Authorship Form should be completed and submitted in time. 

Submission of Manuscript

JBS request all authors to submit their manuscript electronically to the Chief Editor (editor@jbs-re.com). Please refer to Authors’ Guide for further information on the process and the guide to submitting your manuscript. 

Peer Review Policy 

All research articles submitted to JBS will undergone rigorous peer review which involves initial editor screening and anonymized refereeing by at least two anonymous referees. Furthermore, authors are requested to avoid self-identification in the manuscript in order to preserve the advantages of anonymous peer reviewing. JBS will not consider accepting and publishing manuscripts that have been published previously or are under consideration for publication elsewhere.

The review process is an important aspect of the publication process of an article. It helps an editor in making decision on an article and also enables the author to improve the manuscript.

Academic journal operates a blind peer review system. 

Conflict of Interest 

Reviewers are requested by JBS to declare their conflicts of interest and recuse themselves from the peer-review process if a conflict exists. Conflict of interest occurs when an individual’s competing private interests potentially enables the individual to deviate from his or her professional execution of responsibilities to scientific and publishing activities. 

Confidentiality

JBS believes that research papers are confidential materials given to a reviewer in trust for the purpose of close assessment and as such reviewers ought to ensure that the review processes is kept confidential during and after the review process.

Plagiarism

JBS treats plagiarism as an unethical and unacceptable practice and therefore all submission made to the journal will be checked for trace of plagiarism.  ‘

Transparency and Fairness

JBS encourages all its reviewers to be honest and objective. In this regard, when reviewing manuscripts, reviewers should not be influenced by the origin of the manuscript; religious, political or cultural viewpoint of the author; gender, race, ethnicity or citizenry of the author, e.t.c.

Manuscript Feedback

JBS encourages the reviewers to focus on the following when reviewing manuscripts:

• Originality

• Contribution to the field

• Technical quality

• Clarity of presentation

• Depth of research

In addition to the aforementioned, the reviewers should check if the authors have observed the authors’ instructions and the JBS editorial policies.

Timeliness

Time is of essence to JBS and therefore the journal intends to complete a manuscript review process in about two to three weeks’ time. Reviewers are therefore, requested only to accept manuscript that they can confidently complete reviewing in two to three weeks’ time.

Recommendations

JBS expect the reviewers’ recommendation to indicate whether the manuscript is to be:

• Accepted as it is

• Accepted with minor corrections

• Accepted with major revisions

• Rejected and consider submitting to other Journals.

JBS encourages reviewers to provide constructive suggestions to others on how they can improve the quality of their manuscripts.

Creative Commons

All JBS articles are published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International License. Readers can copy, distribute, transmit and adapt the work provided the original work and source is appropriately cited.

Copyright

Submission of a manuscript implies that authors have met the requirements of the editorial policy and publication ethics. Authors retain the copyright of their articles published in the journal. However, authors agree that their articles remain permanently open access under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International License.